The main aim of the dentist is to preserve the patient’s teeth and restore them, but when the performance of the tooth during chewing is impossible or is responsible of troubles in the mouth, then has to be removed.
Most frequent questions and answers
The diseases that interest the dentist for the extraction process, that the patient needs to inform the dentist before the operation, are:
-Heart diseases such as angina pectoris, hypertension , history of myocardial infarction, aortic insufficiency or stenosis, valvulopathy or artificial valves and patients with pacemakers.
-Patients with diabetes mellitus
-Patients with diseases of the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, Addison’s disease)
-Patients with liver diseases (hepatitis Type B or A, hepatic cirrhosis, carrier of Australian antigen)
-Patients with kidney diseases (kidney transplantation, hemodialysis)
-Patients with bronchial asthma
-Patients with allergy to certain formulations
-Patients with neurological diseases (epilepsy)
- Avoid hot food or drinks at the first day after extraction
- Avoid dairy products at the first day after extraction.
- Do not lift weights, do not stoop, avoid exercise at the first day after extraction (just rest)
- On the first day after extraction sleep with a high pillow, or in a semi-sitting position
- On the first day after extraction it would be good to put cold compresses on the area.
- The next day after extraction and for a week rinse the area (not gargle) with saline water three to four times per day (leave the saline in the area for thirty seconds ).
- If necessary, you will need painkillers/ anti-inflammatory drugs, or antibiotics (this will be prescribed by the dentist, usually after each microsurgical procedure the antibiotics are needed to prevent possible infection of the area)
- The wound should not be disturbed in any way for a week after extraction. Too gentle brushing in the area is allowed.
After each microsurgical procedure such as extraction there is sparse blood in the mouth but also swelling of the area, pain and discomfort. The above-mentioned postexactional symptoms (other than sparse blood) may worsen on the second day after extraction and this is normal.
-Dry socket. This is an infection of the wound due to improper healing of the wound. It is often observed in the extraction of teeth of the lower jaw, and especially in smokers.
-Damage to adjacent (adjacent) teeth.
-Oral communication between the upper jaw and the sinuses.
-Hypoesthesia or hypersensitivity of the lower or upper alveolar nerve or lingual nerve which is usually transient